Jabalpur in History
Jabalpur City is known and considered as Sanskardhani, a “Cultural Center Place”. Jabalpur is evolving as a multi-culture and multi-religious city, gradually growing in to a cosmopolitan area. The roots of the city yet are with its farming native people. Series of lakes, which, shaded by fine trees and bordered by fantastic crags add much beauty to the suburbs. Jabalpur city is located in the Mahakoshal region situated at the center of India in the state of Madhya-Pradesh. Jabalpur is the administrative headquarters of Jabalpur district and Jabalpur division.
Jabalpur is an important junction for the Indian Railways. Jabalpur is a large Defence and Military Center. Jabalpur is also known for housing spiritual leaders Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and Bhagwaan Shri Rajneesh (Osho).
Jabalpur is said to be the tapasya bhoomi of the sage Jabali, from whom the name Jabalpur is derived. Ashokan relics have also been found here. Later on it was the capital of the famous Tripuri kingdom (9th–10th centuries).
Inscriptions record the existence during the 11th and 12th centuries of a local line of princes of the Haihai people who are closely connected with the history of Gondwana. In the 16th century the Gond raja of Garha Mandla extended his power over fifty-two districts, including the present Jabalpur. During the minority of his grandson, Asaf Khan, the viceroy of Kara Manikpur, conquered the Garha principality and held it at first as an independent chief.
Under the British Raj, Jabalpur became the capital of the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories, which was part of the British North-Western Province. The Saugor and Nerbudda Territories became part of new Central Provinces in 1861 which in 1903 became the Central Provinces and Berar. By the early 20th Century Jabalpur was the headquarters of a brigade in the 5th division of the Southern Army.
An important landmark event was the holding of the Tripuri Congress session in 1939 that was presided by Subhash Chandra Bose. Jabalpur was the home of Seth Govind Das, India’s famous parliamentarian and Hindi author.
After India’s independence in 1947, the Central Provinces and Berar became the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.