Tobacco Kills – Quit Smoking

Tobacco Kills – Quit Smoking
Tobacco control
Tobacco is responsible for close to five million deaths per annum globally. As an advocate of the reduction of the prevalence of risk factors associated with cardiovascular deaths, the World Heart Federation is naturally in favour of strong limitations to active and passive smoking.

World No Tobacco Day
The Member States of the World Health Organization created World No Tobacco Day in 1987.The day is observed every year on May 31st. It draws global attention to the tobacco epidemic and to the preventable death and disease tobacco causes. It aims to reduce the 3.5 million yearly deaths from tobacco-related health problems. It is a unique opportunity to engage people, countries, organizations and other groups in the struggle against tobacco.

The theme for World No Tobacco Day 2007 is “Smoke-Free Environments”. It is alarming that hundreds of thousands of people who have never smoked die each year from diseases caused by breathing second-hand tobacco smoke. Neither ventilation nor filtration, alone or in combination, can reduce exposure levels of tobacco smoke indoors to levels that are considered acceptable, even in terms of odor, much less health effects. The evidence demands an immediate, decisive response to protect the health of all people.

Passive smoking
The World Heart Federation and the International Union Against Cancer (UICC) have gathered together to fight second-hand smoke at a global level. This started through the 2003 World No Tobacco Day, when both organizations seized the opportunity to push everyone to claim the right to live without tobacco.
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Tobacco kills
If smoking did not exist, then there were would 1.62 million fewer cardiovascular deaths.
Using tobacco causes stiffening and clogging of the arteries, heart disease, stroke, sudden death, and heart failure.
A quarter of tobacco-related deaths are accounted for by ischemic heart disease (IHD).
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk increases with the number of cigarettes smoked each day leading to a twofold risk of death among smokers compared to non-smokers.
The risk of CVD persists even at one to two cigarettes smoked a day.
Young smokers are particularly at risk of CVD, especially young men.
Smoking more than 25 cigarettes a day increases a person’s risk of heart attack 8 times compared to people who never smoke.
The risk of a non-fatal heart attack increases by 5.6% for every additional cigarette smoked.
Women smokers who use oral contraceptives have a high risk of heart disease, so much so that doctors have been advised not to prescribe the pill to smokers over 34 years old and especially not to smokers over 39 years old.
Smoking 15 cigarettes a day can increase the risk for stroke by up to four times.
Smoking leads to high blood pressure and causes complications in established high blood pressure.
Chewing tobacco more than doubles the risk of heart attack.
The Swedish smokeless tobacco, snus, is linked to CVD.
Passive smoking, second hand smoke, environmental smoke – a CVD risk by another name

There is no risk-free level of exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS).
The excess risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) from passive smoking could be as high as 60%.
Globally, 700 million children are exposed to SHS, that is about half of the world’s children.

Smoke-free living Within two years of quitting, the risk of CHD is substantially reduced.
15 years after quitting the risk of CVD returns to that of a non-smoker.
The earlier one stops the better: stopping smoking at age 50 halves the risk of a tobacco-related death, and cessation at age 30 avoids almost all of it.
Smokers who quit at age 35 live up to 8.5 years longer for men and up to 7.7 years longer for women than people who continue to smoke.
Quitting when older is still worthwhile: among smokers who quit at age 65 years, men gained up to 2.0 years of life, and women gained up to 3.7 years.
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